I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship


I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship (The Legendary Stardust Cowboy, 1969).
I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship (Bowie).
I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship (Bowie, Top Of the Pops, 2002).
I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship (Bowie, live, Meltdown, 2002).
I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship (Legendary Stardust Cowboy, live, 2007).

What is it with spaceships?

Bowie: Well it’s an interior dialogue that you manifest physically. It’s my little inner space isn’t it, writ large. I wouldn’t dream of getting on a spaceship. It would scare the shit out of me. I’ve absolutely no ambition or interest to go into space whatsoever. I’m scared going down to the end of the garden.

Radio 4 “Front Row,” interview, June 2002.

God is my partner and he is on my side. It looks like that I will be able to record Gospel records, be on Johnny Carson, have my first date, and later on be in the Western movies.

The Legendary Stardust Cowboy, autobiography, 1969.

On one of his rambles through the Internet, Bowie found a delight: the Legendary Stardust Cowboy, Norman C. Odam, had a web page. Compared to BowieNet, it was primitive (“just two pages!” Bowie crowed) but its contents were enough to fascinate him, like a JPEG of “The Ledge”‘s birth certificate.

There was also a handwritten letter from the Ledge, in which he gave the webmaster his blessing “to put me on the Internet” and said he’d had some financial troubles of late. “I’ve reached the point where I need help in going further…It sure would be nice if David Bowie would pay me something for using part of my name in “Ziggie Stardust,” as appeared in the August 20, 1984 issue of People magazine with Richard Burton on the cover.” (This was a “Picks and Pans” review of the Cowboy’s latest album—a pick, happily.)

Bowie was contrite. He’d “chewed off” Stardust’s name for his own plastic rock ‘n’ roll star to use, and now here was the original Stardust Cowboy, so broke he couldn’t buy a computer to see his own website. “When I read on his site that he thought that because I’d borrowed his name that, at least I should sing one of his songs, I got guilty and wanted to make amends immediately,” Bowie told LiveWire. “So I covered one of his best songs, ‘I Took a Trip on a Gemini Spaceship,’ although he sings ‘Spacecraft’ on the record.”*

Talking up the Ledge also fit in with Bowie’s “outsider music” designs. He was the guest editor of the June 2002 issue of Mojo, where he commissioned pieces about various things that had caught his eye over the decades (he wrote a tribute to The Ledge himself), and was the curator of the 2002 Meltdown, whose performers he chose partly for their weirdness (that said, Coldplay and Pete Yorn made the cut). “Being an editor for just one day is a lovely excuse to clean out the closet. I found all my old Legendary Stardust singles in there, all on Mercury, and that got me into a quiet reverie or two,” he wrote. “Along with Wild Man Fischer and solo Syd Barrett, the Ledge was instrumental in creating, unwittingly, the now current Outsider Music genre. Mr. Stardust takes the title of World’s Most Influential Cult Artist in my small world for maybe obvious reasons.”

Like Bowie’s Daniel Johnston analogue “Wood Jackson,” the Legendary Stardust Cowboy was everything you’d want from “outsider” music—obscurity; an insane-seeming singer wholly devoted to (or consumed by) his persona, and whose music was both fascinating and unbearable. To Jools Holland, Bowie said the Cowboy’s singles “were unbelievably atrocious but in that wonderful way that you couldn’t stop listening to them.” One of the Ledge’s guitarists, Frank Novicki, once said that “Norman can’t carry a tune, and he doesn’t really sing in time, but you don’t have to know any of that stuff to be good at music. Boy, is he proof of that.”


When Bowie came to America for the first time, in January 1971 on a promotional tour, he was hungry for new, weird records. Ron Oberman, the Mercury promo man who met Bowie at Dulles Airport, passed on the Ledge’s three Mercury singles. “Back home, I choked on ‘Paralyzed,’ gasped in awe at ‘Down in the Wrecking Yard’ and fell all about the floor at ‘I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship,’” wrote Bowie in Mojo. “It was the laugh of love. I could not believe that such a talent was unrecognized…I became a lifelong fan, and Ziggy got a surname.

Born in 1947, Norman Odam came from Lubbock, Texas, Buddy Holly’s hometown; a school friend was the singer/guitarist Joe Ely, who once called the Ledge West Texas’ finest jazz musician. Odam would stand on the steps of Monterrey High School, singing stuff like “My Underwear Froze Down to the Clothesline,” sometimes getting pelted by hard candy, pennies and clods of dirt thrown by unimpressed classmates. Seeing Odam perform in the 2000s, Ely said that the Cowboy’s set list hadn’t changed that much from the steps of Monterrey.

Inspired by Tiny Tim’s appearances on the Tonight Show, the Ledge set off for New York in 1968, only to wind up stuck in Fort Worth. Two vacuum cleaner salesmen, awed by a gonzo Cowboy performance at a nightclub, hustled him into a local recording studio, where a 21-year-old T. Bone Burnett and another engineer had been up all night and were on the verge of hallucinating, Burnett recalled. The salesmen waved some money around, so Burnett rigged up two microphones and put a fresh tape reel on the deck. He got behind the drums. The Ledge told him “play in the same tempo I’m singing in” and they were off: the result was “Paralyzed.” “The only thing I wanted was to write a song that was wilder than anything Elvis had ever done. His music was too slow for me!” the Ledge recalled decades later. After a Burnett drum solo that seemed intended to make Keith Moon’s work on “Happy Jack” look staid, Odam played a cracked-sounding bugle for a few bars. Along with his war whoops, it was as if he was playing both sides of the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

Above the studio was a radio station, KXOL. Burnett took the tape upstairs as a joke but the DJ flipped out (he allegedly screamed “this is IT! This is the NEW MUSIC!”) and started playing “Paralyzed” on air. Fort Worthers, wondering what in hell they’d just heard on the radio, kept requesting the song. A Fort Worth music impresario, “Major Bill Smith,” soon became the Ledge’s “manager” and pressed a single that led to a deal with Mercury, which released “Paralyzed” nationally. It cracked the US Top 200 and landed the Ledge on Laugh-In, where the smug comedians treated him like a freak.


And like The Uncle Floyd Show, the Ledge struck out in the major leagues. A musicians’ union strike in early 1969 meant that none of the other TV variety shows could book live musicians (the Ledge qualified as “union” because he’d strummed a guitar on Laugh-In). He’d had offers from the Ed Sullivan Show, the Tonight Show and American Bandstand but he could play none of them. By the time the strike ended, “Paralyzed” was off the charts and his two other Mercury singles (including “Gemini Spaceship”) had flopped. Mercury dropped him just as another of their 1969 signings, one David Bowie, finally got a hit with “Space Oddity.”

The rest of the century was a long, bizarre epilogue: an arrest and brief jailing for vagrancy; the Ledge spooling 50 (or 52) songs’ worth of master tape down Henderson Street in Fort Worth to spite Major Bill, who was ripping him off; decades of wild club performances (where the Ledge often stripped down to his underwear) and a few more records in which the Ledge assembled a pick-up band, got them in the studio and started to sing, forcing the band to chase him. By 2001, the Ledge was working as a security guard at a defense plant and living with eight roommates in an apartment in San Jose’s Evergreen Valley. “Two stop signs and nine traffic lights from the freeway,” he told the reporter Brad Kava.


Was he a musical influence as well?

Bowie: (laughs) Not really. Have you heard the records? They are out there. He has great integrity: he has no idea that any judgements will be made on what he does or delivers…there’s an incredible naivety to him. He really is solidly outside. He’s quite spectacularly outside.

Radio 4 interview.

Bowie chose his Stardust Cowboy cover well: he couldn’t have done anything with “Paralyzed” besides seem ridiculous and ordinary. But “I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship” was melancholy, sad, mysterious. It was a metaphor for Odam’s life in West Texas, where he’d painted a map of the moon’s Sea of Tranquility on the roof of his car and would spend nights staring up at a sky that he wanted to hide in. Moon shining down/ on some little town/ and with each beam/ the same old dreeeeam. How the repeated “tomorrow nights” call back to the moonlit loneliness of Elvis’s Sun single. The self-recriminating last verse, where the Cowboy looks back “at a stardust trail leading back to yoooou.” What did I do? he moaned. The last, mumbled line sounded like “abandon you.”

“Gemini Spacehip” was a less refined Captain Beefheart. Take the Cowboy’s vocal—the outrageous pronunciations that turn names into alien beings (“Gem-uh-nee,’ “Jew-pit-err”) or the way he’ll collide phrases into another like boxcars (“I jumped into miiine-we’ll orbit the mooon”). The drummer (was it Burnett again?) obstinately kept to his clunking pattern until, as if the Cowboy’s been baiting him, he started clubbing fills for every phrase. The B-movie organ occasionally sobered up, playing lines of haunting beauty.

Bowie turned “Gemini Spaceship” into a “rave uncle” song, a sudden return to the sound of Earthling—it was the Legendary Stardust Cowboy kitted up for the festival circuit, with Bowie singing the Ledge’s words in a nightclub seducer’s croon, turning seemingly every line into an innuendo (“I shot my space gun“), while dramatically sighing, drawling and even plummeting to the absolute depths of his register (the “weeellllllll” at 3:14 is his lowest-sung note on record). He piled on glum-Gus baritone saxophone, a keening theremin, Tony Visconti-scored strings that have a touch of Bollywood in them and washes of David Torn guitar, cemented in a Visconti bassline that mainly hops along on root notes, breaking off to make a few interjections, and Matt Chamberlain as convulsive pulsebeat.

It was the Legendary Stardust Cowboy performed straight-faced, which is how the Ledge always played it. Bowie sang it a few times on stage in 2002 and bopped along to the music like some antic kid.


Bowie, Paralyzed (L.S. Cowboy), Later With Jools Holland, 2002.
Legendary Stardust Cowboy, Space Oddity (D. Bowie), 2003.

Unlike many stories these days, this one has a happy ending. The Ledge got some decent royalty checks from the sales of Heathen and Bowie flew him and his band out to London in June 2002 for the Meltdown Festival, where he happily bewildered the British. And two months later, when Bowie’s tour hit the San Francisco area, the two met for the first time.

The Ledge, with two friends and his documentarian, a filmmaker named Tony Philputt, showed up at the Shoreline Ampitheatre, happy to find there was no charge for parking. They told the ticket counter attendant to let Bowie’s people know “the Ledge is here!” “Within five minutes, four tickets and four backstage passes came shooting out the window slot. It was great fun walking around with Norman, decked in hat, boots, garish jacket and all, amongst the kids. Got a lot of strange looks,” Philputt said.

After watching the show backstage via closed-circuit TV and regretting they hadn’t brought earplugs, the Ledge and crew got into the meet-and-greet line. Bowie entered the room and saw a man with whom he’d been obsessed since 1971. “I knew instantly that David Bowie was much more intimidated by the Ledge than vice versa,” Philputt recalled. “When he came walking into to the room, he yelled out ‘Ledge!’ and ran to him to try and hug him. And Norman was having none of that—he stepped back slightly and David ended up giving him the two hands on the arms squeeze as opposed to a full hug. And they just stood around taking pictures, and Bowie had this grin on his face like somebody had just handed him a syringe of the sweetest smack in the world.

So dreams do come true (though more for David Jones of Bromley than for Norman Odam of Lubbock, who calmly took Bowie’s fanboy effusions as payment long overdue). And if anything, the whole story just serves to show just how damned normal Bowie is, relatively speaking.

Recorded: (basic tracks, vocals) August-September 2001, Allaire Studios, Shokan, New York; (overdubs) October 2001-January 2002, Looking Glass Studios, NYC. Released 10 June 2002 on Heathen. A “Deepsky’s Space Cowboy” remix appeared on the promo US 12″ single for “Everyone Says ‘Hi.'”

* Wonderfully, the Cowboy’s website refers to the song as “I Took a Trip (On a Space Shuttle).” I like the idea that the song will continue to molt over the next centuries (“I Took a Trip (On a Generational Starliner to Alpha Centauri)”).

Sources: Irwin Chusid’s Songs in the Key of Z (excerpted on Perfect Sound Forever); “Flesh-and-Blood Ziggy Stardust Inspiration Gets Gig on Bowie Bill,” Brad Kava, San Jose Mercury News, 12 June 2002; “Out on a Ledge: The Legend of the Legendary Stardust Cowboy,” Richard Skanse, Texas Music Magazine, Winter 2003.

Top: Ian Cowe, “Local bus, Karachi, Pakistan, August 2001”; Ledge on Laugh-In, 1968; meeting of Stardust and Starman, Shoreline Amphitheatre, Santa Clara, 14 August 2002; a Ledge performance ca. late 2000s.

41 Responses to I Took a Trip On a Gemini Spaceship

  1. s.t. says:

    Wow. I had never taken the time to listen to the original, and I’m struck by how much it resembles “II”-era Meat Puppets. Burnett truly is the king of hipster country music.

    Bowie’s sounds much more like a remake of Last Thing You Should Do. I’ve long preferred the former over the latter, until your write-up of Last Thing swayed me to the other side.

  2. col1234 says:

    hey everyone: meant to add this to the entry, but it’s probably better here (for those who don’t know, i’m chris, the guy who runs this thing):

    this fall i’ll be revising all the “Berlin trilogy”/Iggy entries for Book 2, and I’d love to speak to some German Bowie fans, particularly those who were around during the partition years (esp. in West/East Berlin). If this means you, please drop me a line: coleary8@gmail.com.

  3. gcreptile says:

    Great write-up. Just today I wondered if “took a trip on a gemini spacecraft/ship/shuttle” was a metaphor for masturbation, but you already mentioned the innuendo. And I wondered if this song inspired Space Oddity (or vice versa), because in the end, both those songs are about loneliness.
    The original is quite interesting, not a freak show but definitely showing an artistic vision. I don’t like country but I got a kick out of this. Bowie’s work with it is quite impressive. he really carved out the melodies from it.

  4. Mike F says:

    A pleasant if extraneous cover version. A case of David trying to do the right thing.

    Like the Ledge, I don’t have an Internet account. Go ahead and put this on the Internet for me. Thank you.

  5. Matt W says:

    Is it too obvious to mention that “Spaceship” is itself a rewrite / cover of “I Thought About You”, made famous by Sinatra on Songs For Swingin’ Lovers?

    • Momus says:

      Yes, I think it’s important to mention this (and not too obvious at all, since few seem to have noticed it). I Thought About You was written in 1939 by Jimmy Van Heusen (music) and Johnny Mercer (lyrics). The Legendary Stardust Cowboy song is basically an undeclared cover version, with atonal music and the original song’s references to trains and cars turned into spacecraft and UFO references. Pretty much all the lyrics, situations and moods are the same.

      Lots of people seem to have covered the song; who knows which version TLSC had heard? Probably Sinatra’s. I think Dinah Washington’s is the nicest version: you can imagine it playing over a scene featuring trains (“The trains here are so strange!”) in The Man Who Fell To Earth, and the nice thing is that it would still be about space in that case, but in a subtler and more poetic way.

      I have to agree with Bowie that space is interesting only as a metaphor, and that nobody in their right mind would go there. It’s for this reason that I have to say I vastly prefer the Mercer / Van Heusen original, because loneliness on trains is something poignant and real and totally contemporary, whereas space visors and rayguns smack of 1950s b-movies and shabby comic books.

    • col1234 says:

      no, that’s a great point, one which I wish I’d mentioned

  6. crayontocrayon says:

    Normally when Bowie takes a cover version and blows it up in scale and energy it’s dangerous territory but this works really well. The subject matter is goofy enough to handle the sci fi dance mix, complete with wailing theremin sounds and rocket jet stream phasing. It’s actually very beautifully orchestrated.

    The part where Bowie is most loyal to the original is the fabulous deep ‘Well’ – good to see Bowie was still pushing his voice to it’s limits. Probably my favourite of the three covers on Heathen, but the one I would be least likely to force on a non-Bowie fan.

  7. Rufus oculus says:

    If Vince Taylor had lived long enough would DB have considered covering A Brand New Cadillac?

  8. MC says:

    I’ve always been taken with DB’s version. I feel like a philistine for saying this, but I attempted to listen to the original a little while ago on Youtube, and I couldn’t make it through the whole track; the out-of-tune singing was too much even for these hardened ears. I promise I will give the Ledge another chance!

  9. roobin101 says:

    If there’s any previous DB sound to compare this to it’s Black Tie… This is far and away the best cover on the album, though what on earth it has to do with the central concept I don’t know.

  10. Mr Tagomi says:

    This is one of my favourite Heathen songs.

    The original is effective in its strange way, but DB’s track seems more of a fleshing out than a cover in the usual sense.

    Takes a rickety skeleton and turns it into a “proper” song.

  11. Jeff Yih says:

    This is finally where the blog hits 3 degrees of separation from me. Having met Mr. frank noviki years ago (he beat me out for a guitar slot in a surf band) and also noticed the guitar player in that Ledge 2007 clip is Jay Rosen ex-Muskrats and current Chuckleberriesl. But the ledge is based out of SJ so he’s more or less local.

  12. Brian says:

    I really appreciate all the time you spend researching the lives of people like the Legendary Stardust Cowboy for us. His Space Oddity cover put a smile on my face.

  13. I believe this is one of the more successful covers Bowie has recorded in his career. And the fact that he actually performed this song on TOTP is a stroke of genius.

    I Took A Trip (on a Space Shuttle) is actually an updated version of the song The Ledge recorded in the 80s. It’s more improv jazz than the original. No sci fi synth to be found.
    “I wrote this when I was on the Moon. Or was it Mars? I forgot…”

  14. Maj says:

    “And if anything, the whole story just serves to show just how damned normal Bowie is, relatively speaking.” Well this made me laugh. A great post, Chris!

    Out of interest…what is the highest recorded note Bowie ever sung? Can You Hear Me? Something else? Curious now. (I have to admit the low low “wellll” is doing things to me. Can’t help myself. I’m a woman, after all.)

    Trip is a jolt of cosmic energy on Heathen, though I can’t say it’s one of my favourites on the album – which doesn’t mean I don’t like it. I do have a soft spot for this album after all, being my DB first and all.

    Only now gave a listen to Ledge’s original & to Paralysed. Well, I’ll stick to my Bowie, thanks. 😉

    The photo of the two of them meeting is priceless.

      • Maj says:

        Ah, yes. That makes sense. That link is quite fascinating, btw. Thanks! 🙂

      • Maj says:

        I only wish it didn’t have blue for “boys” and ugly pink for “girls”. Really. Why. So many other colours…Oh well, c’est la vie.

      • Sky-Possessing Spider says:

        I reckon the way he sings “FREEEEE” as “wild eyed boy from freecloud” segues into “all the young dudes” in the Ziggy retirement gig at the Hammersmith Apollo might give it a shake as the highest note he’s ever sung.
        For some strange and inexplicable reason, when this album was re-released a few years back this note appeared to have been doctored or even re-recorded into a far less high-pitched version. I was really angry that they did that, as I felt the original was the most spine-tingling moment of the show (alongside the retirement announcement of course.)
        If I’d known they were going to monkey with the recording I’d have never replaced my original pressing with the re-issue.

        By the way. I can understand Bowie being overawed by John Lennon and Lou Reed. But not a tone-deaf hollering weirdo like the Ledge. Sorry.

    • s.t. says:

      For my money, his most impressive octave change is from Sweet Thing, going from a constipated Walker to Newley on helium in the span of 30 seconds.

  15. sparkeyes says:

    I recall on my “His Master’s Voice” bootleg – a recording taken from a US TV transmission, I believe – the note you refer to was in the lower register.
    I felt the way you felt – but in reverse – when the official movie and soundtrack came out and the note was up high – I assumed it was one of many studio additions which lead me to prefer the bootleg (cuts and all) to the official release.

  16. Mitja Lovše says:

    I know I keep repeating my theories over and over again, but I consider Heathen to be a refinement of his nineties work and this song is a proof of that. I can actually see it as a part of a soundtrack for a typical late 90’s sci-fi blockbuster.

  17. 2fs says:

    Bit of an aside here: Well, I’d certainly trust you on a singer’s range far more than that…really bad link the tumblr page has (concerthotels or whatever). In several cases, that site claims notes that are in no way, shape, or form in the song in question… Frankly it’s kind of weird, this sudden fascination with “range” – measured in the most generous possible way, as if a singer who one time belches on record (on an A-flat more than two octaves below middle C!) and yelps “whee!” once (on a D-sharp more than two octaves *above* middle C!) suddenly has a “four-and-a-half octave range.” Nope – not unless he can actually *sing* both of those notes.

    The low note is more vocal fry than an actual note, I must say. Bowie’s high note, though: that, he’s actually singing.

    So I’m wondering: what’s the lowest note he’s sung on record, aside from that “welll…”?

  18. Momus says:

    “It’s safe in the city” is recorded with tape varispeed, by the sound of it.

    • CosmicJive says:

      Yeah I think so too. So I say storytellers Word on a wing which was sung a couple of keys lower than the studioversion.

  19. afterall says:

    The original track is pretty irritating and unlike say Barrett there is no edge of sanity insights to be had however even more irritatingly after only two plays it is wedged in my brain

  20. Shane says:

    Firstly, I always thought the high note on the live Wild-Eyed Boy from Freecloud was one of the many overdubs that DB did to the original Hammersmith recordings (in the ’80s, if I recall correctly). That, too, was one of those moments that typified that live album for me – until I figured out that it was added later! If you listen to the recent Visconti remix, the high note is still there – just mixed very quietly.
    They added a LOT to those recordings -almost all of the backing vocals (which are basically Bowie), the organ and acoustic guitar on My Death, and new lead guitar on Changes, among other things. I’d enumerate farther, but that’s for another blog post… but it is a very high Bowie vocal note, for certain, no matter when it was recorded.
    I always thought that the beginning of Sweet Thing was authentic, btw. I can’t recall him singing as low in any other recording of his, but it does sound natural.
    As for the song that was blogged? I always thought that it kinda bogged down the last half of Heathen. I’ve tried hard to like DB’s later stuff on an album-by-album basis, but I just can’t sit through them. Still haven’t heard the newest, though! (I know! For shame!)

  21. Kikouyou says:

    The lower Bowie vocal note ever is in the 93 I Feel Free. At 1,35′.

  22. Anonymous says:

    Momus is right ‘Sweet Thing’ is definitely achieved through varispeed

  23. Stang says:

    Sorry that comment about the varispeed was me…2nd post on this site tho so might as well be an anon…still, didn’t mean to post it as ‘anonymous’.

  24. Brian says:

    I put on the Stardust Cowboy’s cover of Space Oddity and my face instantly lit up with a smile. I love this guy!

  25. Brian Campbell says:

    Has anyone commented on the ‘drop-out’ at approx. 2.22 on this track? Maybe it’s only my cd…? Given his penchant for subtleties / nuance (not to mention my own), I thought it intended. So I searched for other references but nothing so far. I searched 2.22 and the one hit I liked (here’s my bias) was a numerology reference :


    “The number 222 is a sign that taking a forward action will result in something positive. Also, you should this action should involve other people. Some common ways to interpret 222 include:

    Keep doing what you’re doing
    Continue along with your current line of thought or course of action
    You’re headed in the right direction
    Your new/current intention is aligned with your highest path and purpose
    Another key aspect of the number 222 meaning is the involvement of other people. The relationships can be between friends, family, a partner, co-workers or even the public at large. Usually you’ll be doing something to bring people together; solutions involving compromise, diplomacy and balance should be found.

    How this applies to your life depends on your specific situation. There might be a work situation where you need to get everyone on the same page. There might be an issue involving an on-going disagreement with an intimate partner. Whatever the situation, the number 222 is telling you to take the initiative and handle the problem, in a way which considers the feelings and wishes of everyone involved.”

  26. Bruce Scott says:

    David had an incredible ability to continuously produce poignant songs. I fee the best of it is rear and when he experimented with intruments and electronics. His voice could be added for a surreal completion. He is sadly missed

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